Thursday, October 15, 2009

Audio Roundup LXIII

by Joel Rich

Question: Anyone know of written sources saying one should take off Tfillin/take out lulav during chazarat hashatz?

  • Rabbi A Klapper - Decline or Progress? Two Rabbinic Intellectual Histories of Torah: link

    How reconcile “we are like donkeys” reverence of predecessors with clear fact that later generations seem to be (are) doing more sophisticated analysis/thinking [me – I hope R’Klapper’s got an escape pod J].
    1) Shev Shmeitzah (ktzot) – they thought so much more clearly and straight forwardly; they didn’t need our “pilpul”. We develop more because need to overcome “confusion” they didn’t have [me – so their superiority must be based on something other than pure intellect].

    Click here for more
    2) Netziv – Hamek shailah was a commentary on a geonic work. Since time of Yehoshua there have been disagreements which would be resolved by intellect. There will be those who specialize in specific cases application (spiritual intuition) and others in abstract law. There will be times (e.g. Bavli) where can only rely on intellect/abstract. Geonim went back to more “intuitive” approach but then lost when went to Europe, etc. However, Rambam was more a throwback to gaonim (don't try to wrestle the Rambam into a similar approach to Rashi/Tosfot). Pure learning is very different from Psak! Torah is impacted by the Society it finds itself in!
    (Help- I'm dizzy -When men on the chessboard
    Get up and tell you where to go
    And you've just had some kind of mushroom
    And your mind is moving slow
    Go ask Alice
    I think she'll know

    When logic and proportion
    Have fallen sloppy dead
    And the White Knight is talking backwards
    And the Red Queen's "off with her head!"
    Remember what the dormouse said;
    "Keep YOUR HEAD)

  • Rabbi A Weiss - Mitzvot (The download wouldn't work so you'll need to look under his name for the shiur at this site): link

    Thanks to David the B-I-L for pointing me here.
    See R’Klapper! R’AW says many things were clearer to earlier generations but (or therefore) our classifications are sharper.
    Source of mitzvot need kavanah? No one really asks mina lan which implies to R ‘AW that it’s simple logic (sevara pshuta) that it’s a torah requirement (no need for scriptural source).
    One who is Tokea lashir (blows correct shofar sounds on Rosh Hashanah for music) is Yotzeh but no reward (it’s like intended to eat treif but “accidentally” ate Kosher), reward only for avodat hashem.
    Today for the first time in history there are more mekubalim then lamdanim!
    Big Chiddush – If you say kriat shma (similar for any “spoken” mitzvah) to accept yoke of heaven but not to do mitzvah, you get credit since that is intended result.

  • Rabbi Assaf Bednarsh - Free Will Part 2&3: link 1, link 2

    A review of the different strategies and sources for reconciling free will and predestination. Containing assertion (if I got the right one) that R’YD Bleich is the “smartest” RV at YU [me – how that would be an interesting competition – but first you have to define “smart”.]Explaining freewill and predestination coexisting – 1) We have free will but what we want is predetermined; 2) HKB”H doesn’t know what we want; 3) Rambam – we don’t understand HKB”H (explains philosophical issue of his time re: monotheism which caused this position); 4) HKB”H exists outside of time so he knows what we chose (he saw the movie). Alert the media – I’m with the Rambam on this one.
    Practical – 1) We may be born with predilection towards certain results; 2) R’Dessler – Nekudat habechira (each of us has a point we’re at and that’s where we battle and have free will) implies free choice is only partial (big chiddush, but hey, it’s R’Dessler) – so reward and punishment only on Nekudat habechira; 3) R’YBS – it’s all in play (koneh olamo bshaah achat) – Fate vs. destiny, yiud vs. goral. Object vs. subject , nosei vs. nisa (hey – I’m good on the R’YBS Maareh Kohen fill ins – I suppose only graduates of “the count’s” shiur will get this reference ….) - it’s all up to you.

  • Rabbi Eliakim Koenigsberg - Halachos of Melachos on Yom Tov: link

    A detailed discussion of the rules of permitted food preparation on Yom Tov. The general rule of enjoying Yom Tov but only doing that which is truly needed. Lots of specific detail.

  • Rabbi Zvi Sobolofsky - Sukkah First Night in the Rain: link

    Review of halachot related to what to do concerning rain in the sukkah on the first night. (Let it rain, let it rain, let your love rain down on me!)

  • Rabbi Jeffrey Saks - Teshuva of Love and Fear: link

    An introductory session concerning tshuva myirah and ahava (repentance from fear or love) in the thought of R’YBS and R’Kook. Breaking with the past vs. channeling it (hmmm – you mean like someone who could have learned with the little songbird (R’YBS) but instead listened to the night bird. (naaa – who could be that foolish???))

  • Rabbi Mordechai Torczyner - Lessons for repentance from recovery: link

    Repentance and drug counseling parallels. 1) interaction of physiology and psychology; 2) breaking cycles/behaviors; 3) substitute different gratification; 4) keep sin in front of you or not? (may depend on individual); 5) relapse doesn’t mean back to square 1.

  • Rabbi Jonathan Feldman - Angels and Demons: link

    Spiritual energy! Wings perhaps represent not bound by time and space. Overwhelming majority agree they have no free will (small % say yes). Specific examples and discussion from torah. Need to understand Kabbalah! Today suggest rely directly on HKB”H.

  • Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz - Sleeping in the Sukkah: link

    Analysis and review of rules on sukkah usage. R’SZA interesting chiddush, if you’re asleep you are exempt from mitzvot (so perhaps he mitzvah while actually sleeping in Sukkah, just falling asleep).

  • Rabbi Yehoshua Grunstein - The Rabbi's Handbook for the Holiday Season: link

    Overseas assignment – Rabbis handbook - Yamim Noraim. Practical Issues – 1) first responders identified; 2) physical security; 3) ushers to assure smooth running services; 4) make sure all memorial plaques work; 5) make sure no seats are broken; 6) washroom properly supplied (ask the questions!); 7) don’t leave shul sukka for last minute and have done by ben brit; 8) make sure kids are provided for; 9) seating committee (don’t ask!); 10) enough machzorim; 11) order of tfilot and tunes, etc. set in advance (chazanim, kohanim….); 12) check sifrei torah and shofrot; 13) clean physical plant to influence others; 14) prepare drasha well in advance; 15) invite guests; 16) encourage community and individual kabalot (action plans).

  • Rabbi Chaim Brovender - The Source of Torah SheBa'al Peh (The Oral Law): link

    Understanding the meaning of vzot habracha – the oral law is a human achievement.

  • Rabbi A Klapper - Judaism and Democracy: How Much Power Should the Messianic King Have?: link (low audio)

    Interesting discussion of scope of king’s power based on Tanach and Talmud. Some parameters based on effectiveness, others on challenges (i.e. corruption). Maharatz Chiyutz quoted sounded like it was from poli sci class (extent that people yield power).
    Sounded like some perceived “ends justify the means” or non-self-aware outside influence on rabbinic thinking!

  • Rabbi Zvi Sobolofsky - Yiras Shamayim: link

    Discussion of different types of yirat shamayim and ahavat shamayim, when to accentuate each and how to achieve them.

  • Rabbi Mordechai Torczyner - Allocation of scarce medical resources: link

    A bit too rushed (apparently shiur got a late start) of some underlying halachic sources related to resource allocation and individual vs. society needs.
    The usual suspects include Talmudic sources on charity, redeeming captives, the demand for one of a group to be killed and the bottle of water in the desert and the two towns on the spring. Correctly identify all the sources and win a copy of the Senate Finance Committee legislation.

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